What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an infection that affects the gums. It is caused by bacteria creating toxins that infect the gums. As the body tries to fight back, it creates inflammation in the gums, causing swelling and bleeding. In fact one of the early signs of gum disease, a condition called gingivitis, is noticing your gums may bleed when you brush or floss. As gingivitis worsens, it develops into periodontal disease, a condition that destroys the gum tissue, as well as the ligaments holding your teeth in place and the tooth sockets. Periodontal disease is extremely destructive but it’s often called a silent disease as symptoms can be completely painless and very easy to miss.
How Is Periodontal Disease Treated?
It’s important to try to catch periodontal disease during the early stages when the condition is completely reversible through improved dental care. If it has progressed, then one treatment that can help is called scaling and root planing which deep cleans the gums, helping to remove the infection. There are also many specialised treatments available for advanced gum disease, and which may help repair damaged gum tissue and bone.
How Can I Prevent Periodontal Disease?
Regular check-ups combined with professional cleanings will help keep your gums clean and healthy through removing excess plaque that causes periodontal disease. At the same time, you must make sure you clean your teeth at least twice a day and that you floss once a day.
It is much easier to avoid getting periodontal disease than to try to completely eradicate it.